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Very Early Species, single, pink, Best known in gardens as "tritemata" Pallas. Distinguished by ruffled rounded upturned leaves. Probably discovered by Pallas before 1790 and sent to Bell in London. This is the original name under which it, has long been known in gardens. Only recently, apparently, has it been noted that it was a nomen nudum, that is, a name without a valid description. Under botanical rules, therefore, it has no standing. For that reason Stern has accepted the next oldest name daurica. Stebbins considered "tritemata" the species of which mlokosewitschi was only a botanical variety, but Stern does not agree and places it in the mascula group. It was listed by Barr in 1885. Flowers rose or magenta to soft pink.n the P. daurica group, petal colour, shape and size of leaflets, and indumentum of leaflets and carpels were used to distinguish nine species, but these characters were found to be polymorphic or continuous in variation, and thus can only be used for infraspecific classification. Thus, three species are recognized: P. intermedia, P. tenuifolia and P. daurica. The last species is further divided into five subspecies: sspp. coriifolia, wittmanniana, mlokosewitschii, macrophylla and tomentosa stat. (Pallas, 1790).
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Peonies love good drained rich organic nutritious soils. Over the years we have developed a tedious process for growing the highest quality of peonies possible. As our company is located in the northern part of the Netherlands, we are blessed and cursed with a heavy clay soil. On the one hand side this soil is perfect for peony growth and therefore nature helps us to grow the biggest, highest quality peonies fast. On the other hand the clay ground forces us to take extensive measures before storing or exporting the peony roots. For cut-flower production it doesn't matter, once planted they enjoy the rich nutritious clay soil and become to compare with sand soils,, not only stronger as plant in general, but also much faster into production and shown bigger size Peony heads!
Peonies can be planted manually or mechanically. We have chosen to plant our Exclusive Peonies manually and the other Peonies by machine.
Before planting the peonies, the soil needs to be prepared well. This is a crucial element in the peony growing process. First the soil where the roots is grown needs to be properly flattened and drained in order to prevent potential water damage (from heavy rain).
After having cultivated the land properly (with a milling- or spade-machine) the roots are to be planted at a depth of 2 - 3 cm. This depth is very decisive because if the roots are planted too deep, the production of flowers will diminish or even completely vanish. The distance between the cuttings depends on the variety. Some varieties need more or less space than others. Furthermore, the time-period that roots will remain on a particular spot has to be taken into consideration as well.
Peonies must be fertilized during the winter months. There is no rule to the amount of usage of each element (Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Potassium), because this depends on the nature of the soil. Peonies flourish best on soil with a pH from 6 to 7.
During the winter season chemicals against weeds can be used as well. It is important to do this during the cold season, because then the roots are at "rest" (dormant). Otherwise the roots are apt to absorb the chemicals which will cause damage to the peony.
When the young root starts growing in spring several kind of preventive fungicides can be used. This can be persisted until two weeks before harvesting.
Theo is about to 'feed' the peonies
When the first Peonies show up in February / March, the use of wind fences can be most helpful to protect the still vulnerable peony plants. The fences are usually placed from the east to west to keep the cold northern wind out.
No gates are placed from south to north because that allows the wind to keep the plants dry and prevent the spread of Botrytis. When the plants are still small and vulnerable to diseases, copper sulphate can be used to ensure a firm and healthy plant. Several fungicides can be used to protect the plants against Botrytis (preventive).
The mowing of peonies takes place at the end of August. It is very important that all dead organic material is removed because all kind of diseases lives in dead organic material.
This material can be gathered by a tractor with a sweeping tool attached or by hand with picking forks. The last remains must always be removed manually.
Peony nursery Scholten - Keeman in this modern day specifically centers at increasing exclusive, outstanding top quality peonies. It hasn't always been this situation. This company has got an unique back ground opening in the year 1875 along with Simon Scholten that had been growing fresh fruit for money.
In the year 2001 the business developed their very own new selling-name & brand "Peonyshop.com" and after that they began focusing on improving exclusive peonies. Throughout the year 2002 the particular company launched their very own shop on the internet", the: peonyshop together with Peonies & Buxus. Throughout the year 2003 Joshua Scholten started with raising peonies. Than in 2004 this organization started to foreign trade peonies out of the Netherlands all over European countries, Usa plus Asia.
Nowadays our peony nursery is focused on growing and multiplying exceptional, high-quality peony roots that happen to be marketed and exported to internationally. Additionally this firm also cut peonies largely supporting the Dutch peony flower industry.The particular things we pride:
The fall is actually a suitable moment for planting peony plants. A lot of peonies happen to be exceptionally long-term-lived plants beeing alive up to 50 to a maximum of seventy yrs, so as soon an individual have the particular peonies planted in the correct manner, an individual will definitely benefit from them for years and years. These plants opt for some sort of shiny position having a well-drained dirt. A good air movement available the peonie is mandatory. All of these settings assist these plants to avoid sickness issues. To prepare the sowing hole for the purpose of a bareroot peony, dig the soil to the depth around 12-18inch. Use garden tools to release the sides of the growing hole as well. It is actually pretty important and vital that the "eye", or growth nodes, located nearby the bottom of the old stem, end up no greater than Two inches below the ground area.